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The Cardigan Welsh Corgi
The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a high-spirited member of the Herding Group. Short in stature and moderately heavy boned, this herding dog can hold its own as an excellent cattle driver and with the speed and agility to keep up with the job. They have a long body (almost twice its height), short legs, and only weigh anywhere from 25 to 38 lbs, depending on the gender. The average height of the Cardigan is between ten and thirteen inches.
The temperament of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi can best be summed up as fun-loving, easy-going and friendly. They make the perfect pet for anyone that appreciates a mild-mannered dog in the home, but one that also enjoys vigorous games outside. They are easy to train and make excellent watchdogs. Cardigans are friendly towards other pets and humans, but reserved when strange dogs approach.
Welsh Corgis: Pembroke and Cardigan (Barron's Complete Pet Owner's Manuals)
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A Brief History Of The Cardigan Welsh Corgi
The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is one of the first breeds to arrive in the British Isles. Centuries ago these dogs were brought to Cardiganshire from central Europe. This Corgi breed has its roots from Wales, dating back to the Ancient times. The dog breed were used as cattle drovers thanks to their natural herding instinct and dog agility. The dog’s exact derivation is not known, but experts suggest that the short legged, English turn-spit dog was part of the bloodline (which is now extinct).
Corgis were first used as a family guardian and protector. Some would be brought to assist hunters in the field. In time, farmers soon discovered that the Cardigan was a natural cattle driving dog, helping to keep the cattle moving by nipping at their heels while successfully dodging kicks.
Eventually the Crown lands were divided and fenced, thus eliminating the usefulness of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi. Some were still kept as loving companions but this did not stop the breed from coming close to extinction. To help keep the breed alive it was crossed with the brindle herder. The breeding efforts worked and the first Cardigan made its way to the United States in 1931, with AKC recognition in 1935.
Cardigan Welsh Corgi Care
Although the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a small breed, it needs a surprising amount of daily exercise. They have moderately high energy levels which are best met with a few brisk walks on the leash plus play sessions outside. Standard herding games are best, in addition to mental stimulation through dog training.
Cardigan Welsh Corgis can withstand both hot or cool temperatures but is not meant to live outside. Like all devoted members of the Herding Group, this breed bonds tightly with the family and should sleep inside at night, with access to a safe, fenced-in yard during the daytime hours. Grooming requirements call for a brushing their coat once each week to remove dead hairs.
Cardigan Welsh Corgi Health Concerns
The average lifespan of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is between twelve and fourteen years. The only major health concern that runs common in the breed is CHD. Minor health issues include degenerative myelopathy. Rarely seen in the breed is PRA and urinary stones. Veterinarians suggest that the Cardigan get specifically tested for DNA for PRA, hip, and eye problems.
Cardigan Welsh Corgi Club of America
For more information about the breed visit the CWCCA.
Before purchasing a Cardigan Welsh Corgi puppy please consider rescuing an older dog. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi National Rescue Trust has a list of dogs looking for a good home.